Multiple faults detection and identification of three phase induction motor using advanced signal processing techniques

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Resumen

In this paper, we have presented the multiple fault detection and identification system for three-phase induction motor. Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) is the most used signal processing technique that offers good frequency information but failing in providing time information and handling multiple faults identification with their occurrence time. FFT also fails to detect non-stationary condition of the signal and unable to convey sudden changes, start and end of the events, drifts and trends. To obtain simultaneous time frequency information and to deal with non-stationary signals Short Time Fourier Transform (STFT) is considered optimal technique that can clearly provide time and frequency information both. In this research work, the multiple fault detection and identification system is presented by employing Short Time Fourier Transform (STFT) signal processing technique. The proposed model is designed using current signature analysis method (CSAM) for three major faults including three phase supply imbalance, single phasing condition and breakage of rotor bars. The system is simulated in MATLAB/SIMULINK and simulation is performed based on healthy and unhealthy conditions of the motor. Comparative analysis between FFT and STFT, shows STFT as a promising approach.

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Palabras clave

Induction Motor, STFT, Matlab/Simulink, Current Signature Analysis, Power Supply Imbalance, Single Phasing, Broken Rotor Bar.

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