The term Tribology was first used in England in a report prepared by P. Jost in 1966, this neologism comes from the Greek words “tribes”, which means friction, and “logos”, which means study; being used to designate the science of the frictional surfaces, that is, of the surfaces in contact with relative movement between them.
The Tribology covers the processes of friction, wear and lubrication of the bodies in contact, phenomena that in engineering practice were analyzed separately, the union of these branches in a single scientific-technical discipline has contributed considerably in recent times to the development of mechanical systems.
The projection, construction and operation of machines and equipment without taking into account this disciplinary interaction leads to the obtaining of mechanical systems characterized by:
• considerable losses of energy,
• large unproductive time periods,
• high consumption of materials and spare parts,
• expensive repair and maintenance work.
This results in machines and equipment of low efficiency, productivity, durability and reliability.