Psychiatric diseases are accepted, fundamentally, as a pathology different from common medical disorders. Probably this perspective is born of the classic division between body and mind. Despite millennia of debate, not a single piece of information has been able to explain the physiological substratum of the human brain capable of originating the mind (Agarwal, Port, Bazzocchi and Renshaw, 2010).
In recent decades, the rapid growth of the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the investigation of psychiatric diseases has aroused the interest of many psychiatrists to link the signs and symptoms of psychiatric diseases to specific structural areas of the brain or to alterations. functional (Lui, Zhou, Sweeney and Gong, 2016).
Considering that this supposes the existence of abnormal biochemical and functional structures, that underlie psychiatric illness, and assuming that these abnormalities exist, it leads to think that the MRI is capable of detecting them. Psychoradiology is a term that describes a growing interest in relating psychiatry and radiology. In clinical practice, psycho-radiology proposes the approach
radiological in the management of major psychiatric diseases, and includes diagnosis, treatment planning, and patient monitoring (Lui, et al., 2016).